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Grand Jury Indictment and Bill of Information

Once a felony investigation is complete, including witness statements, evidence, crime lab, criminal history, co-defendants and any other considerations, the case detective or investigator sends the case file to the District Attorney's office. The responsible Assistant District Attorney reviews the charge and evidence and presents it to the Grand Jury. The Grand Jury is composed of 20 registered voters. It takes 15 Grand Jurors to convene and 12 to render an indictment. The Grand Jury hears the witnesses, typically the case detective and any other witnesses it deems necessary. The Grand Jury deliberates in secret; neither the case detective, Assistant District Attorney, nor anyone else is present while the Grand Jury deliberates and votes whether to indict.

The Grand Jury may dispose of the case in three ways. The Grand Jury may True Bill a case, meaning it renders an indictment. This means the case will proceed to trial. The Grand Jury may also No True Bill a case, which is a dismissal. The Grand Jury is also authorized to send the case to Justice Court to be handled as a misdemeanor. The evidentiary standard for indictment is probable cause, meaning more likely than not. This the same standard used in preliminary hearings and revocation hearings. The Grand Jury may also pass a case until a later time for additional investigation. At the end of the six month term, the Grand Jury issues a report on the matters it has considered.

A Bill of Information is a waiver of indictment and agreement to prosecution in Court. The defendant may voluntarily give up his right to have the charge presented to the Grand Jury. Typically, this is done when a favorable plea agreement has been reached.

Client Reviews
"Mr. Alldredge is an excellent lawyer. He has compassion for his clients and he delivered more than we expected! He and Nancy were exceptionally professional and were accommodating of my husband's tricky schedule. Rufus provided us with resources and guidance, and most importantly helped us build a strong case. Highly recommend!” Cherie Mire
"Mr. Alldredge is an incredible, kind hearted, knowledgeable attorney. If you ever find yourself in a position where you need an attorney that can help you navigate any kind of situation, he is the one. He ensures that you know as much as possible and ensures you are prepared. He made me feel calm and he always, always, is available for any questions or concerns. Highly recommend." Eva Beidelman
"MR. Alldredge worked with me while I was on a short time line do to having leave to go back to work in Germany. He ended up not only representing me but got the case dismissed and saved my military career. Now i see why all my friends recommended him and he hard earned reputation." Charles Pinkston